Moving from Addition to Multiplication with Arrays

Moving from Addition to Multiplication with Arrays

Have you heard of arrays? I must admit that before upskilling in my mainstream maths knowledge I hadn't! You are probably familiar with them though

Let's take this piece of footpath. 

Each individual square has 6 dots across and 6 dots down. 

A student may count this a number of ways

A) 1:1 pointing and counting to every dot

B) skip counting  6 + 6 + 6 + 6 

C) Using doubles and then adding doubles onto doubles eg. (6 + 6) + (6+6) + (6+6)

D) Using multiplication facts 6 x 6 

 

Today I am going to concentrate on a lesson I did with B, C and D from the list above. The students I was working with are able to skip count, some of them know their doubles however they are at the start of their knowledge in multiplication and as a group they tend to revert to simple methods.

We had had a lesson on the multiplication bead board last week however things didn't seem to make much of an impression so I decided to go back to arrays. 

I showed the students various pictures like these below and encouraged them to count the objects. We then discussed the strategies and talked about what was most efficient.  

One of the best bits was when we had a mathematical argument. One child decided just to count the objects around the edge. Another child in the group said 'no' and then showed the first child that you could make groups with the columns to count. Another child counted in 2s to work out the amount. We finally worked out that skip counting was probably most efficient however knowing our multiplication facts would make it even faster. I showed the students how the multiplication board could help us with this and also showed them what various arrays looked like with the colored bead bars.

 Here are some other examples of cards in the array pack I made and used. They are available here

 

The child could count the cookies in rows (4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4) or in rows

(6 + 6+ 6 + 6). It is good if you can make a link to the relevant multiplication equation.

Previous article Key Experience: The Verb
Next article 4 Strategies to bring diversity to the forefront of your Montessori Elementary Classroom

Comments

Shamim - June 25, 2019

Nice supplementary exercise .

Leave a comment

Comments must be approved before appearing

* Required fields

Related Posts

Montessori Math Scope and Sequence
Golden Beads, Coloured Beads, Bead chains, Trinomial cube! The montessori math curriculum is huge! There is so much i...
Read More
Key Experience: The Verb
You will need  - A Black pen, light blue pen, dark blue pen and a red pen - Small cut up pieces of paper - A prewritt...
Read More
4 Strategies to bring diversity to the forefront of your Montessori Elementary Classroom
I'm not sure about where you live but one thing I have noticed about some Montessori classrooms here in New Zealand i...
Read More